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id="Lab_BrowseCount"></span></div> </div> </div> <div class="null"></div> <div class="B1_01"> <span class="TDContent"><span id="Lab_Content"><section data-role="paragraph" class="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-role="paragraph" class="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 0px none;"><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"> <a href="//www.nqqy.net/">双色球最近100期走势图</a> www.nqqy.net <strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">工程总承包作为国际通行的建设项目组织实施方式,目前已被作为深化建设项目组织实施方式改革的重要抓手?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">工程总承包一般采用设计—采购—施工总承包或者设计—施工总承包模式。建设单位也可以根据项目特点和实际需要,按照风险合理分担原则和承包工作内容采用其他工程总承包模式?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p></section></section><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">在实际运用中,EPC往上下游延伸,产生了多?0种衍生模式?/span></strong></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">1</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: left;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">F+EPC模式</strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">F+EPC模式是应业主及市场需求而派生出的一种新型项目管理模式,F为融资投资,F+EPC为融?EPC,须为业主解决部分项目融资款,该模式是未来国际工程发展的一个极为重要的方向?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">中国港湾工程有限公司与伊朗Tablis市政下属公司Kish Investment Tirajeh 在德黑兰签署了伊朗Tirajeh城市综合体项目EPC+F合同(中伊两国融资协议项下融资),合同金额约1.18亿欧元?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="2" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">2</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">F+EPC+O模式</span></strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">F+EPC+O为融?EPC+运营,由承包商提供融资并负责运营的服务交钥匙模式?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">湖北省电力勘测设计院承担的孟加拉诺瓦布甘?00MW重油电站项目,为以F+EPC+O形式承接的国际工程。他们借助国际银行间的融资平台获得第三国的低成本长期出口买方信贷,通过工程总承包及四年运营的商业服务模式的竞标取得该项目,项目投资1.25亿美元?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="3" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">3</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">EPC+O&M总承包模?/strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">承包人负责工程的设计、采购、施工,并在完成后继续负责运营、维护?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="4" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">4</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">I+EPC模式</span></strong></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">I+EPC为以投资为引领的工程总承包模式,是以投资为动力,设计为龙头,实现设计、生产、采购、施工一体化的全产业链建设管理。天津住宅集团在天津生态城商品房建设项目采用的即是I+EPC模式?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="5" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">5</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">PPP+EPC模式</strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">PPP+EPC不是PPP的一种具体模式,而是在解决资金问题上融合社会资本,建设上采用EPC模式的组合?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">该模式的优点主要在于?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">①提高生产效率?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">由政府财政单独投资并进行经营管理的生产方式往往缺乏效率,比如财政资金是共有资金,使用财政资金是在花别人的钱办别人的事,难免缺乏效率。采取PPP项目模式则将花别人的钱办别人的事转变为企业花自己的钱办自己的事,必将提高生产效率?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">②政府支持力度增加?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">PPP模式项目在施工过程中,业主、地方政府对项目建设的支持力度相当大,包括协调国土、电力、水利等部门方面尤为突出?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">③企业更加注重成本控制?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">因本项目为投资型项目,从施工现场管控方面,施工单位在保证安全、质量的前提下,会更加注重成本控制?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">④有助于提升管理人员综合素质?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">在PPP模式下结合EPC模式,设计院设计本工程时,在某些工程部位的设计不能直接套用以前的设计模式,而需要在满足符合规范的情况下更精细经济的设计规划。因此要求施工企业在设计阶段与设计单位深入沟通、密切合作,这样对企业管理人员综合能力的提高具有极大的推动作用?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">⑤降低了资金回收风险?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">投资型项目,资金是否能够按期回收成为企业最大的隐忧。但就此项目而言,当地政府为了保证施工企业能够如期得到工程款,以有完全处分权的房产作为抵押财产在某种程度上降低了资金回收风险?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(62, 62, 62); letter-spacing: 0.544px; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 0em; color: rgb(0, 112, 192); overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">在此轮中国特色PPP建设浪潮中,有一个“PPP+EPC”的概念横空出世,反复被提及,是目前的一大热点?/span></strong></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">杭州大江东产业集聚区基础设施PPP+EPC项目是以电建路桥公司为牵头方,结合电建集团华东院、苏交科、中证基金等单位组成联合体,与杭州大江东投资发展有限公司共同组建PPP+EPC项目公司,对杭州市大江东十一个市政子项目进行投资、建设及移交,项目总投资约142.58亿元?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="6" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">6</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">BOT+EPC模式</span></strong></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">BOT+EPC模式,即政府向某一企业(机构)颁布特许,允许其在一定时间内进行公共基础建设和运营,而企业(或机构)在公共基础建设过程中采用总承包施工模式施工,当特许期限结束后,企业(或机构)将该设施向政府移交。该模式的优点就在于政府能通过该融资方法,借助于一些资金雄厚、技术先进的企业(或机构)来完成基础设施的建设?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">BOT是英文“Build-Operate-Transfer”的缩写,通常直译为“建? 经营- 转让”。B O T 实质上是基础设施投资、建设和经营的一种方式,译为“基础设施特许权”最为合适?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">广佛肇高速公?肇庆?项目(下称“广佛肇项目?,作为广东省高速公路建设领域首次采用“BOT+EPC”建设管理模式的项目,比批复工期提前一年,创造广东省高速公路建设新纪录。中国铁建中标的南充至大足至泸州高速公路(重庆境)、渝黔高速公路扩能(重庆境)、重庆梁平至黔江高速公路石柱至黔江段工程采用的也是BOT+EPC模式,中标价合计?04亿元?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="7" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">7</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">RD+EPC模式</span></strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">RD+EPC为业主委托工程总承包模式?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">它是汪克团队探索中国建筑师负责制之路的实践?008年庄惟敏教授组建成立清华惟邦营建研究中心,在庄教授的带领下,以汪克、张永钢、朱晓东、刘忆川为骨干开展中国建筑师负责制专题研究。虽?009?011年的努力没有成功,但在经历了连续14年的中国本土建造实践和理论探索之后,终于在2012年以腾龙阁为标志发明了RD+EPC模式,其后经过铜仁凤凰机场、惟邦办事处、南湖酒店(结构封顶)、南京北纬办公楼等五个项目的实践升华,庄惟敏教授与汪克建筑师合作更加密切,再加上邓晓梅副教授的加盟,终于?016年形成了RD+EPC理论框架,并命名为“清华惟邦营造法(RD+EPC模式)”。经实践证明,该模式可以作为过渡时期中国建筑师负责制的一个过渡办法?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="8" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">8</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">EPCM模式</span></strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">EPCM模式,即设计采购与施工管?EPCM——Engineering Procurement Construction Management)是指,承包商全权负责工程项目的设计和采购,并负责施工阶段的管理,这是一种目前在国际建筑业界通行的项目交付模式。同时,EPCM管理方还需要对项目的其他方面进行管理,如:设计、采购和施工阶段的进度,与相关部门的沟通,准备成本规划、成本估算和文件控制等?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">由于它对工程承办企业的总包能力、综合能力,以及技术和管理水平的要求较高,而国内大多数施工企业在项目管理、技术创新、信息化建设上与国际水平还有一定的差距,因此EPCM模式在国内尚未得到普及和推广?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">在EPCM模式下,业主提出投资的意图和要求后,把项目的可行性研究、勘察、设计、材料、设备采购以及全部工程的施工,都交给所选中的一家管理公司(EPCM管理方)负责实施;由EPCM管理方根据业主的要求,为业主选择、推荐最适合的分包商来协助完成项目,但其本身与分包商之间不存在合同关系,也无需承担合同与财政风险?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="9" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">9</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);">PMC+EPC模式</span></strong></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">PMC(Project Management Contractor)是指项目管理承包。PMC是由业主通过合同聘请管理承包商作为业主的代表,对工程进行全面管理。对工程的整体规划、项目定义、工程招标、选择EPC承包商、工程监理、投料试车、考核验收等进行全面管理,并对设计、采购、施工过程的EPC承包商进行协调管理。EPC工程承包商按照与业主的合同约定,全面执行工程设计、采购、施工及试运行服务等工作?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">目前,国外特别是西方国家的大型石化工程建设大多采?PMC+EPC)管理模式?/span></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135编辑? data-id="93591" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 25.6px; border: 0px none; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 20px; display: inline-block;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 0px -1px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 25px; height: 25px; border: 1px solid rgb(162, 162, 162); border-radius: 50%; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); background: rgb(55, 74, 174);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span class="" data-original-title="" title="" data-num="10" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">10</span></p></section><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px 10px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(63, 63, 63); letter-spacing: 1.5px;"><section class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(127, 127, 127);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">IPMT+EPC+工程监理</span></strong></span></section></section></section></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">“IPMT+EPC+工程监理”项目管理模式,为项目一体化管理模式?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">IPMT是Integrated Project Management Team的缩写,直译为项目一体化管理组。通过这种新的项目管理模式,达到优化工程组织,确保安全,提高工程质量,减少投资费用,加快工程进度,有力推动石油化工重大工程建设项目实现又好又快的建设和投产?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">“IPMT+EPC+工程监理”项目管理模式在中国石化的青?000万吨/年炼油工程,天津100万吨/年乙烯工程、镇?00万吨/年乙烯工程等多年工程项目建设实践取得了良好效果,为在石油化工重点工程建设领域落实科学发展观作出了有益探索?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-family: 微软雅黑; line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-family: 宋体, SimSun; font-size: 15px;">“IPMT+EPC+工程监理”项目管理模式,是借鉴国外通用?PMC+EPC)管理模式和国内流行的业主自营管理模式的特点,结合我国石油石化工程建设实际,在项目管理模式上的探索与创新,是国外先进工程管理理论与我国工程建设实践的结合?/span></p><p><br/></p></span></span> <span id="PageNum"></span> <p class="SP1">?a href="javascript:window.external.addFavorite(window.location.href,'一文读懂EPC?0种衍生模?)">收藏此页</a>】?a href="javascript:doZoom(16)">?/a> <a href="javascript:doZoom(14)">?/a> <a href="javascript:doZoom(12)">?/a>】?a href="javascript:LoadPrintJs()">打印</a>】?a href="javascript:window.close()">关闭</a>?/p> <div style="display: none;"><input name="Txt_InfoID" type="text" value="4546" id="Txt_InfoID" /></div> </div> </div> </div> <div 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